Job creators, not job seekers, are what SA’s economy needs most


While South Africa’s education system has improved since the dawn of democracy, it has failed to inculcate a culture of entrepreneurship.

South Africa’s education system should be reconfigured so it can produce job creators, instead of job seekers, said Judy Dlamini, chancellor of the University of the Witwatersrand.

Speaking at a recent event hosted by LifeCheq, an organisation that offers goal-based and independent financial advice to professionals and entrepreneurs, Dlamini said that while South Africa’s education system had improved since the dawn of democracy, it had failed to inculcate a culture of entrepreneurship.

The National Development Plan (NDP), a government blueprint for eliminating poverty and reducing inequality, has ambitious goals for boosting entrepreneurship in the country – including a target of 90% of employment opportunities to be created by small and medium enterprises by 2030.

However, entrepreneurs continue to face many challenges such as red tape, a lack of access to finance and credit lines, the generally high cost of doing business, and lack of mentorship.

While there seems to be growing optimism around entrepreneurship, the country has not seen this translate into numbers of new and established businesses.

“I think this government has done a lot [to improve education] considering where we are coming from. A lot of young people will not understand what Bantu education did to us,” said Dlamini.

She said, however, that the current education system could still improve; especially when it came to fostering an entrepreneurial spirit.

Pointing to the archaic structure of the education system in SA, and in most countries on the continent, Dlamini said: “The style of education has not evolved. We still have the teacher being seen as the reservoir of knowledge. However, both teachers and pupils should be seen as having a brain and being able to solve African problems. The current system means many are likely to become job seekers instead of job creators.”

Dlamini, who is also an entrepreneur, author, and philanthropist with a PhD in business leadership, offered up-and-coming entrepreneurs advice on how to succeed in the business world. Entrepreneurs, she said, should learn to embrace failure and learn from their mistakes in business.

“The first time you fail, it hits so hard. My first failure was at medical school. What it did was it humbled me, but it built my resilience and I told myself that I will not be defined by this,” said Dlamini.

“Not all failures are lessons, but sometimes the lesson is understanding yourself better. You never know how strong you are until the only option is to be strong. It is important [to never] give up on your dreams.”

In her latest book, The Other Story, Dlamini details the stories of 12 African leaders and entrepreneurs, many of whom have achieved success against the odds.

Dlamini practised as a medical doctor for several years before going into business and establishing the Mbekani Group, which she launched over two decades ago. The group has interests in surgical equipment, facilities management, security, commercial property, and luxury fashion retail sectors.

Both her parents had an entrepreneurial spirit which still drove her to this day, she said. And while access to financing is crucial for any entrepreneur, another important – and perhaps often ignored – element in business is “handholding”. According to Dlamini, “mentorship and advice are invaluable”.

Abu Addae, CEO and co-founder of LifeCheq, who was in conversation with Dlamini, agreed that there was immense value for entrepreneurs in having a supportive community around them. Addae explained that LifeCheq was founded on the principle of providing not only financial advice, but also a cross section of support to help clients – many of whom are entrepreneurs – achieve both their personal and business goals.

Addae, who describes himself as a “possibilist”, a term coined by the late Hans Rosling, believes that there are many opportunities for innovation in Africa and that entrepreneurs and innovators will need all the help they can get to take advantage of these.

“New, high-growth markets in Africa will demand innovation and create new possibilities for high potential entrepreneurs,” he said. “But the reality is that business-building is a messy process and it is easy to fail. What is important is to plan well in advance so you give yourself the best possible chance of success, and are also in the financial position to be able to try again if it doesn’t work out the first time.

“It also helps to have a strong community of support around you to keep going, which is why LifeCheq focuses on both these aspects. We need a new generation of doers who, as author Nic Haralambous says, fail better, learn better and, most importantly of all, repeat, and repeat and repeat.”

Article sourced from The Citizen

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